An op-ed, abbreviated from opposite the editorial page, is a newspaper article that expresses the opinions of a named writer who is usually unaffiliated with the newspaper's editorial board. These are different from editorials (which are usually unsigned and written by editorial board members) and letters to the editor (which are submitted by readers of the journal or newspaper).
Op-ed其实是opposite the editorial page(社论版对面)的缩写，指发表在报纸上、由非本报评论部员工撰写的署名评论文章，与社论(由本报评论部员工撰写的非署名评论文章)和读者来信(期刊或报纸读者提交的文章)均有不同。
Although standard editorial pages have been printed by newspapers for many centuries, the direct ancestor to the modern op-ed page was created in 1921 by Herbert Bayard Swope of The New York Evening World. When he took over as editor in 1920, he realized that the page opposite the editorials was "a catchall for book reviews, society boilerplate, and obituaries". He is quoted as writing: “It occurred to me that nothing is more interesting than opinion when opinion is interesting, so I devised a method of cleaning off the page opposite the editorial, which became the most important in America ... and thereon I decided to print opinions, ignoring facts.”
But Swope included only opinions by employees of his newspaper, and the first "modern" op-ed page—that is, one that called on contributors outside the newspaper—had to wait until its launch in 1970, under the direction of The New York Times editor John B. Oakes.
不过，当时斯沃普只在评论版刊发自己报社员工写的评论，第一个“现代”意义的评论版，也就是由报社以外的人士供稿的评论版，直到1970年才出现，是由时任《纽约时报》主编约翰 B. 欧克斯开创的。