联合国世界粮食计划署12月23日表示，得援助的话，南非将有数百万穷人面临忍饥挨饿的圣诞节。该机构需要筹集630万美元来莱索托、马拉维、莫桑比克、斯威士兰和赞比亚等国明年季度的粮食短缺问题。新华社报道如下：Millions of people in Southern Africa are again confronted by the grim prospect of not having enough to eat during the Christmas season and beyond unless donor countries respond quickly with generous cash donations, the World Food Pro gram (WFP) warned on Wednesday.
In a statement issued here, the Rome-based UN agency said it needs an immediate 63 million US dollars to meet food aid needs for the first quarter of 2005 in Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, and Zambia, the five core countries affected by emergency food shortages over the last two years.
WFP appealed in October for 404 million dollars in aid to buy food for the five countries in the next three years, but so far ithas received only 2.5 percent of that amount -- about 10 million dollars.
The agency has been steadily cutting rations to more than 2.8 million people in Southern Africa over the last six months, many of them living with HIV/AIDS and many of them children. Most have been surviving on half a normal ration, or less.
Ration表示“定量配给，给养”，尤指物资时期供给军队股役人员或平民的量的粮食。例如：an iron/operational ration（军用干粮）；food ration（食物定量；口粮）；on short rations（配给量的情况下）；put on rations（配给供应制）draw rations（领取给养）。
Ration还可用作动词，例如：We have to ration the water.（限量用水。）rationed out flour and sugar（按定量发放面粉和粮食）。