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小学英语语法复习要点 简介:小学英语语法复习要点 小学英语语法复习要点(1) 一、名词复数规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds 2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加…
小学英语语法复习要点       ★★★★★
小学英语语法复习要点
作者:天天学英语 文章来源:http://www.ttxyy.com 点击数: 更新时间:2013-6-21 15:54:29

  小学英语语法复习要点

小学英语语法复习要点(1) 一、名词复数规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds 2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches 3.以"辅音字母+y"结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries 4.以"f或fe"结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives 5.不规则名词复数: man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice ;child-children; foot-feet,; tooth-teeth fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese 写出下列各词的复数 I him this her ______ watch _______child _______photo ________diary ______ day_foot_book_______ dress ________ tooth_______ sheep ______box_______ strawberry _____ thief _______yo-yo ______ peach______ sandwich ______ man______ woman_______ paper_juice_ water_milk_rice_tea_ 二、一般现在时 一般现在时基本用法介绍 【No. 1】一般现在时的功能 1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态.如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的. 2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作.如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床. 3.表示客观现实.如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转. 一般现在时的构成 1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它.如: I am a boy.我是一个男孩. 2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它).如: We study English.我们学习英语. 当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es".如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语. 一般现在时的变化 1. be动词的变化. 否定句:主语+ be + not +其它. 如:He is not a worker.他不是工人. 一般疑问句:Be +主语+
转载请著名来自:(hTTp://WWW.TtxYy.COM 入党申请书网)其它. 如:-Are you a student? -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句.如:Where is my bike? 2.行为动词的变化. 否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它).如: I don't like bread. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用doesn't构成否定句.如: He doesn't often play. 一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它.如: - Do you often play football? - Yes, I do. / No, I don't. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般疑问句.如: - Does she go to work by bike? - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句.如:How does your father go to work? 动词+s的变化规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks 2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes 3.以"辅音字母+y"结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies 一般现在时用法专练: 一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数 drink go _______ stay make ________ look have_______ pass_carry ____ come_watch______ plant_______ fly ________ study_______ brush_do_teach_______ 二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空. 1. He often have) dinner at home. 2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One. 3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday. 4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday. 5.they like) the World Cup? 6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays? 7.your parents _______(read) newspapers every day? 8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays. 9. She and I take) a walk together every evening. 10. There be) some water in the bottle. 11. Mike _______(like) cooking. 12. They _______(have) the same hobby. 13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully. 14. You always _______(do) your homework well. 15. I _______(be) ill. I'm staying in bed. 16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday. 17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE. 18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening. 19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term. 20.??-What day _______(be) it today? - It's Saturday. 三、按照要求改写句子 1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句) 2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) 3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答) 4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) 5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句) 6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句) 7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问) 8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问) 9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) 10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句) 五、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上) 1. Is??your brother speak English? 2. Does he likes going fishing? 3. He likes play games after class. 4. Mr. Wu teachs us English. 5. She don't do her homework on Sundays. 小学英语语法复习要点(2) 三、现在进行时 1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作. 2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为be+动词ing. 3.现在进行时的否定句在be后加not. 4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把be动词调到句首. 5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为: 疑问词不达意 + be + 主语 + 动词ing? ? ?但疑问词当主语时其结构为: ? ? 疑问词不达意 + be + 动词ing? 动词加ing的变化规则 1.一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cook-cooking 2.以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting 3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping 现在进行时专项练习: 一、写出下列动词的现在分词: play_run_swim make_ go_like_write_ski_ read_have_sing?dance_ put_see_buy love_ live_______ take_come get_ stop_sit begin_shop_ 二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空: 1.The boy draw)a picture now. 2. Listen .Some girls sing)in the classroom . 3. My mother cook )some nice food??now. 4. What _____ you do ) now? 5. Look . They have) an English lesson . 6.They not ,water) the flowers now. 7.Look! the girls dance )in the classroom . 8.What is our granddaughter doing? She listen ) to music. ??9. It's??5??o'clock now. We have)supper now 10.______Helen_wash )clothes? Yes ,she is . 三、句型转换: 1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句) 2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答) 3.I'm playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问) 4.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问) 四、将来时理论及练习 一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事.句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等. 二、基本结构:①be going to + do; ②will+ do. 三、否定句:在be动词(am, is, are)l后加not或情态动词will后加not成won't. 例如:I'm going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I'm not going to have a picnic this afternoon. 四、一般疑问句: be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换. 例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend? 五、对划线部分提问.一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况. 1.问人.Who 例如:I'm going to New York soon. →Who's going to New York soon. 2.问干什么.What … do.例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this? ? afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon. 3.问什么时候.When.例如:She's going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going? ? to bed? 六、同义句:be going to = will I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow. 练习:填空. 1.??我打算明天和朋友去野炊. I_have a picnic with my friends. I have a picnic with my friends. 2.??下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球. What next Monday? I play basketball. What you do next Monday? I play basketball. 3.你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果. _____ your mother go shopping this Yes, she She buy some fruit. 4.你们打算什么时候见面. What time _______ you meet? 改句子. 5.Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定) Nancy going to go camping. 6.I'll go and join them.(改否定) I _______ go ______ join them. 7.I'm going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句) to get up at 6:30 tomorrow? 8.We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句) meet at the bus stop at 10:30. 9.She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问) she after school? 10.My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上) going to see a play the day after tomorrow. 用所给词的适当形式填空. 11.Today is a sunny day. We have) a picnic this afternoon. 12.My brother go) to Shanghai next week. 13.Tom often go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He go) to school by bike. 14.What do you usually do at weekends? I usually watch) TV and catch) insects? 15.It's Friday today. What _____she do) this weekend? She watch) TV and catch) insects. 16.What d0) you do last Sunday? I pick) apples on a farm. What do) next Sunday? I milk) cows. 17.Mary visit) her grandparents tomorrow. 18.Liu Tao fly) kites in the playground yesterday. 19.David give) a puppet show next Monday. 20.I plan) for my study now. 小学英语语法复习要点(3) 五、一般过去时 1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用.一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作感谢. 2.Be动词在一般过去时中的变化: ⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变为was.(was not=wasn't) ⑵are在一般过去时中变为were.(were not=weren't) ⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首. 3.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子 ? ?否定句:didn't +动词原形,如:Jim didn't go home yesterday. ? ?一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形. 如:Did Jim go home yesterday? ? ?特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形? 如:What did Jim do yesterday? ⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式? 如:Who went to home yesterday? 动词过去式变化规则: 1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked 2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted 3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped 4.以"辅音字母+y"结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied 5.不规则动词过去式: am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sit-sat 过去时练习 写出下列动词的过去式 is\am_fly_______ plant_are ________ drink_play_______ go_make ________ does_dance_worry_ask _____ taste_eat_draw_put ______ throw_kick_pass_______ do? Be动词的过去时练习(1) Name No.Date 一、用be动词的适当形式填空 1.I _______ at school just now. 2.He at the camp last week. 3.We students two years ago. 4.They on the farm a moment ago. 5.Yang Ling eleven years old last year. 6.There an apple on the plate yesterday. 7.There some milk in the fridge on Sunday. 8.The mobile phone _______ on the sofa yesterd


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