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新东方四级词汇高分教程 词汇笔记(6) 简介:                                           第6课关于逗号的知识原则:逗号能力连接两个单独的句子。如何区分短语与句子?结构有完整的谓语句子。何为完整的谓…
新东方四级词汇高分教程 词汇笔记(6)         ★★★★
新东方四级词汇高分教程 词汇笔记(6)
作者:天天学英语 文章来源:http://www.ttxyy.com 点击数: 更新时间:2012-9-12 22:59:29

第6课

关于逗号的知识

原则:逗号能力连接两个单独的句子。

如何区分短语与句子?结构有完整的谓语句子。

何为完整的谓语能判断出结构的时态就可以称结构为完整的谓语

样的情况下逗号可以将句子分成两,而这两都有完整的谓语呢?

1 两个句子中间有连接词连接;

2 这两个句子是主从句关系(主从句之间要有句子引导词来引导)。

10. Walter offered us a lift when he was leaving the office, but our work _A_, we declined the offer. [declined v. 婉言谢绝]

A not being finished B not having finished

C had not been finished D was not finished

42. A survey was carrie3d out on the death rate of new-born babies in that region, _D_ were surprising. [survey 调查]

A as results B which results C the results of it D the results of which

51. All flights _D_ because of the snowstorm, many passengers could no nothing but take the train. [having been canceled这里是独立主格作原因状语]

A had been canceled B have been canceled

C were canceled D having been canceled

-------------------------1999-01-------------------------

46. _A_ the calculation is right scientists can never be sure that they have included all variables and modeled them accurately. [variable n. 变项,变量;model vt. 建模]

A Even if B As far as C If only D So long as

even if 即使,即便;so long as (后面加句子时)只要。

47. My train arrives in New York at eight o'clock tonight. The plane I would like to take from there _B_ by then.

A would leave B will have left C has left D had left

将来时:will have + 动词分词。

49. Harry was _A_ by a bee when he was collecting the honey.

A stung B stuck C bitten D scratched

sting v. (蜜蜂)叮,蛰;bite v. (蚊子等)咬;scratch vt. 抓伤,划破(通常指猫抓人)。

once bitten, twice shy. 一朝被蛇咬,十年怕井绳。

50. The thief tried to open the locked door but _B_.

A in no way B in vain C without effect D at a loss

in vain 徒劳,白费工夫;But很少与介词without联用;at a loss 不知所措。

52. _B_ seeing the damage he had done, the child felt ashamed.

A By B On C At D For

on后面加动词ing表示“在…之后”概念。

54. Research findings show we spend about two hours dreaming every night, no matter what we _C_ during the day.

A should have done B would have done C may have done D must have done

should have + 动词分词,表示本应该做;may have + 动词分词,表示做过;

事实相反的虚拟语气主句谓语动词的表达用到:would have + 动词分词。

must have + 动词分词,表示对肯定推测。表示做过;

can't have + 动词分词,表示对否定推测,表示不做过。

56. This crop does not do well in soils[土壤] _B_ the one for which it has been specially developed.

A outside B other than C beyond D rather than

outside prep. 在…外边;rather than 而(肯定前者,否定后者)。

beyond prep. 超出…的范围;beyond his wildest dreams 超出他最狂野的梦想。

other than 不同于,而非,当它与否定词nonot在同句子中时表示“除之外”

66. In no country _A_Britain, it has been said, can on experience four seasons in the course of a single day.

A other than B more than C better than D rather than

63. My father seemed to be in no _A_ to look at my school report.

A mood B emotion C attitude D feeling

be in no moodto do/doingsth. 情绪(心情)做事情。

67. I'm sorry I can't see you immediately; but if you'd like to take a seat, I'll be with you _B_. [in a moment 马上,立即(它状语时与将来时态搭配)= in an instant.]

A for a moment B in a moment C for the moment D at the moment

68. The trumpet player was certainly loud. But I wasn'tbothered by his loudness _D_ by his lack of talent. [trumpet 小号]

A than B more than C as D so much as

当否定词not与so much as在同一句子中时,它们的含义是:与其说…不如说…

70. Our journey was slow because the train stopped _D_ at different villages.

A unceasingly B gradually C continuously D continually

unceasingly adv. 不停止地,不休止地;gradually adv. 逐渐地,地;= step by step.

continuously adv. 连续地;continually adv. 时断时续地。

-------------------------1994-01-------------------------

43. Frankfurt,Germany, is in one of the most _A_ populated regions of Western Europe.

A densely B vastly C enormously D largely

densely populated 人口分布稠密;sparsely populated 人口分布稀疏。

52. _D_ of the two books holds the opinion that the danger of nuclear war is increasing.

A None B Either C Both D Neither

none表示的是三者或三者都不;either表示的是两者之间任意一者。

55. Beethoven is my favorite musician. I regard him as _A_ other musicians.

A superior to B more superior than C more superior to D superior than

注意:意味的形容词只需要与to搭配,而无须more, than。

58. She is a very _D_ secretary: she never forgets anything or makes a mistake.

A anxious B effective C adequate D efficient

anxious adj. 忧虑的,焦虑的;anxiety n. 焦虑,忧虑;effective adj. 的;

take effective measures 的措施;adequate adj. 充足的,足够的;= surficient.

efficient adj. 高的,能胜任的。

64. The computer has brought about surprising technological changes _B_ we organize and produce information.

A in a way B in the way C in that way D in no way

in the way 引导句子时表示“在...”。

170. Please move this chair, it is _A_.

A in the way B on the way C in a way D by the way

in the way在引导句子时表示“挡路的,妨碍某人的”。

67. InAustraliathe Asiansmaketheir influence _C_ in businesses large and small.

A feeling B feel C felt D to be felt

考试中常见的几个使役动词:make, get, keep, leave.

考试中的:使役动词+ sb.(sth.) + ___ 此时空格处应填分词

是要填现在分词由空格前的sb.(sth.)决定,

它是动作的发出者则填现在分词它是动作的承受者则填分词

-------------------------1999-06-------------------------

41. He came back late, _B_ which time all the guests had already left.

A after B by C at D during

介词by引导状语时时态搭配。

45. His remarksleftme _D_ about his real purpose.

A wondered B wonder C to wonder D wondering

49. Although they plant trees in this area every year, the tops of some hills are still _D_.

A blank B hollow C vacant D bare

blank adj. 空白的(没写字而空白);hollow adj. 空心的,中空的;

bare adj. 光突突的(山上树和草);没带首饰的;bald adj. 秃顶的。

50. Being a pop star can be quite a hard life, with a lot of travelling _D_heavy schedules.

A with regard to B as to C in relation to D owing to

owning to = due to

52. William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, _C_ defended the right of every citizen to freedom of choice in religion.

A peculiarly B indifferently C vigorously D inevitably

peculiar adj. 奇特的;indifferently adv. 冷漠地,不地;

vigorously adv. 强的,强劲的;inevitably adv. 不可地,地。

60. We have been told that under no circumstances _A_ the telephone in the office for personal affairs.

A may we use B we may use C we could use D did we use

61. In previous times, then fresh meat was in short _D_, pigeons were kept by many households as a source of food. [in short supply 供应]

A store B provision C reserve D supply

in previous times 从前;fresh water 淡水;fresh meat 鲜肉;dove n. 鸽子;

bean curd 豆腐;Bible 圣经;bible 权威性的书;God 上帝;god 神。

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