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2012年秋季大学英语四级考前点拨班辅导讲义 简介:2012年秋季大学英语四级考前点拨班辅导讲义主讲人 北京外国语大学 何凯文一、Listening Comprehension:Part 1 .Short Conversation几种思维主题思维:上文提到一件…
2012年秋季大学英语四级考前点拨班辅导讲义       ★★★★★
2012年秋季大学英语四级考前点拨班辅导讲义
作者:天天学英语 文章来源:http://www.ttxyy.com 点击数: 更新时间:2012-12-28 21:17:21

2012年秋季大学英语四级考前点拨班辅导讲义
主讲人 北京外国语大学 何凯文
一、Listening Comprehension:
Part 1 .Short Conversation
几种思维
主题思维:上文提到一件事情(用一般疑问句进行提问),这就是对话主题.下文是肯定或者是否定的回答.掌握肯定和否定的表达方法.
否定思维:评价性否定;事实性否定;邀请性否定
听到什么不选什么的思维:安全感的获得
概括改写的思维:出题人的最后一招
建议句型
场景题:细节推场地
例题:Eg1. A) Taking photographs. B) Enhancing images.
C) Mending cameras. D) Painting pictures.
听力原文:W: Do you let people know when you're taking pictures of them?
M: I try not to. You know any picture of a person who poses for the camera would look dull and unnatural.
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
Eg2. A) Get some small change. B) Find a shopping center.
C) Cash a check at a bank. D) Find a parking meter.
听力原文:M: Excuse me, do you have change for a ten-dollar note? I need to pay the parking meter.
W: I'm sorry, but I think you can get it through the money changer in the shopping center across the street.
Q: What is the man trying to do?
Eg3. A) Shopping with his son. B) Buying a gift for a child.
C) Promoting a new product. D) Bargaining with a salesgirl.
听力原文:M: Can you recommend something that a school boy of 7 or 8 will really like?
W: I'd suggest this toy train, sir. It's an excellent brand, very popular all over the world these days.
Q: What is the man doing?
Eg4. A) He moved to Baltimore when he was young.
B) He can provide little useful information.
C) He will show the woman around Baltimore.
D) He will ask someone else to help the woman.
听力原文
W: I need to talk to someone who knows Baltimore well. I'm told you lived there.
M: Oh, but I was really young at the time.
Q: What does the man mean?
Eg5. A) He is rather disappointed. B) He is highly ambitious.
C) He can't face up to the situation. D) He knows his own limitations.
15. W: Aren't you disappointed that you didn't get the promotion?
M: Maybe a little, but I know I need more experience before I'm ready for that kind of responsibility.
Q: What do we learn about the man from this conversation?
Eg6. A) She bought a new set of furniture from Italy last month.
B) She sold all her furniture before she moved house.
C) She plans to put all her old furniture in the basement.
D) She still keeps some old furniture in her new house.
听力原文:M: Did you really give away all your furniture when you moved into the new house last month?
W: Just the useless pieces, as I'm planning to purchase a new set from Italy for the sitting room only.
Q: What does the woman mean?
Eg7. A) He has got a heart attack. B) He was badly hurt.
C) He was unharmed.D) He has fully recovered from the shock.
听力原文:W: Were you hurt in the accident?
M: I was shocked at the time, but wasn't hurt at all. My bike was totally damaged though.
Q: What do we know about the man?
Eg8. A) John Smith isn't in right now.
B) John Smith can't come to the phone right now.
C) John Smith doesn't want to speak to the caller.
D) The caller dialed the wrong number.
Eg 9. A) She wants to take the most direct way.
B) She may be late for the football game.
C) She is worried about missing her flight.
D) She is currently caught in a traffic jam.
原文:
W: Airport, please. I'm running a little late. So just take the fastest way even if it's not the most direct.
M: Sure, but there is a lot of traffic everywhere today because of the football game.
Q: What do we learn about the woman from the conversation?
Eg 10. A) He is an experienced sales manager.
B) He is being interviewed for a job.
C) He is not in a vacant position.
D) He is good at answering tricky questions.
原文:
W: now one more question if you don't mind, what position in the company appeals to you most?
M: Well, I'd like the position of sales manager if that position is still vacant.
Q: What do we learn about the man?
建议劝告句型
1、Why don't you / Why don't we
7. W: John, I don't know what to get for your father. He has just about everything, doesn't he? Do you have any suggestions?
M: Why don't you get him a pocket calculator?
Q: Why doesn't the woman know what to get for the man's father?
A) She feels that he won't accept anything.
B) She's sure he already has a pocket calculator.
C) She thinks he has almost everything he wants.
D) She's afraid he wants more than she can afford.
8. W: The movie starts in 5 minutes and there' s bound to be a long line.
M: Why don't we come back for the next show? I' m sure it will be less crowded.
Q: What is the man suggesting?
A) Coming back for a later show.
B) Waiting in a queue.
C) Coming back in five minutes.
D) Not going to the movie today.
9. W: I don't know what I'm going to wear to the party .All of my clothes look so old and I can't afford something new .
M: Why don't you wear your black silk dress?
Q: What is the woman going to do?
A) Wear a new dress.
B) Make a silk dress.
C) Attend a party
D) Go shopping.
2、Why not + v. / n.
1. M: Hi, Jane, do you have some changes? I have to make a call on the payphone.
W: Payphone? Why not use my mobile phone? Here you are.
Q: What will the man most probably do?
A) Get some change from Jane.
B) Go to look for a payphone.
C) Use the woman's phone.
D) Pay for the phone call.
3、Why + v.
5. M: Hurry, there is a bus coming.
W: Why run? There will be another one in two or three minutes.
Q: What does the woman mean?
A) The next bus is coming soon.
B) The bus will wait a few minutes at the stop.
C) There are only two or three passengers waiting for the bus.
D) They can catch this bus without running.
4、Wouldn't sth. be wiser
Wouldn't it be better to do sth.
It would be better to do sth.
3. W: I had to deal with so many courses last term that I really had a hard time.
M: I told you it would be better for you if you took fewer courses during the first semester.
Q: What do we learn about the woman?
A) She made a mistake by taking too few courses in the first term.
B) The courses she took were too difficult for her.
C) She took too many courses during her first term.
D) She found it difficult to deal with college courses.
Eg 11. A. At a restaurant
B. In a fish shop
C. At a clinic
D. On a fishing boat
原文:W: May I make a recommendation, sir? Our sea food with this special sauce is very good.
M: Thank you, but I don't eat shellfish. I'm allergic to it.
Q: Where does this conversation most probably take place?
Eg 12. M: sorry to trouble you. But is there any possibility of borrowing the blanket? I feel cold.
W: I think we've got one. Could you wait the take-off please?
Q: what's the probable relationship between the two speakers?
A. a guest and a receptionist
B. a passenger and an air-hostess
C. a customer and a shop assistant
D. a guest and a waitress.
Part 2. long conversation
一、抓住首尾句
【预览选项】
[A] To go sightseeing.B] To have meetings.
[C] To promote a new champagne. [D] To join in a training program.
【边听边选】
M: Hi, Ann, welcome back. How's your trip to the states?
W: Very busy, [19]I had a lot of meetings. …
19. Why did the woman go to New York?
二、留意对话中的一问一答
【预览选项】
[A] Data collection.B] Training consultancy.
[C] Corporate management. [D] Information processing.
【边听边选】
W: What's your line of business, Mr. Johnson?
M: We are a training consultancy.
25. What is the man's line of business?
Part 3.Passages
【预览选项】
29. A) Michael's parents got divorced. B) Karen was adopted by Ray Anderson.
C) Karen's mother died in a car accident. D) A truck driver lost his life in a collision.
【边听边选】
The impact of the collision killed Karen's mother instantly, but she was left trapped in the burning car.
【预览选项】
32. A) Job security.
B) Good labour relations.
C) Challenging work.
D) Attractive wages and benefits.
【边听边选】
It's logical to suppose that things like good labor relations, good working conditions, good wages and benefits and job security motivate workers, but one expert, Fredrick Herzberg argued that such conditions do not motivate workers. They are merely satisfiers. Motivators, in contrast, include things such as having a challenging work , recognition and responsibility.
【预览选项】
A) Directing personnel evaluation.
B) Buying and maintain equipment.
C) Drawing up plans for in-service training.
D) Interviewing and recruiting employees.
【边听边选】【同义替换】
Chris is in charge of purchasing and maintaining equipment in his Division at Taxlong Company.
【预览选项】
A) Some of his equipment was damaged in a fire.
B) The training program he ran was failure.
C) Two of his workers were injured at work.转载请著名来自:(http://WwW.TtxYy.cOM 天天学英语范文网)
D) Two of his employees committed theft.
【边听边选】【同义替换】
Unfortunately, one serious problem developed during the year. Two employees that Chris hired were stealing, and he had to fire them.
二、ast reading:
考察能力:定位能力;答案特征:原文重现和同意替换;尽量用原文回答:
1.German chemicals giant BASF saves £200 million a year by
A) recycling heat and energy B) setting up factories in China
C) using the newest technology D) reducing the CO2 emissions of its plants
At the BASF, such recycling of heat and energy saves the company £200 million a year and almost half its CO2 emissions.
2. What do Hong Kong diners welcome, according to Welsh executive chef David Tamlyn?
Authentic classic cuisine. C) New ideas and presentations.
Locally produced ingredients. D) The return of home-style dishes.
"Hong Kong diners are extremely responsive to new ideas or presentations, which is good news for new dishes," says David Tamlyn, the Welsh executive chef at The Pawn in Wan Chai.
3.How much of the power consumed by incandescent bulbs is converted into light?
A) A small portion.B) Some 40 percent.
C) Almost half.D) 75 to 80 percent.
Lighting eats up 20 percent of the world's electricity, or the equivalent of roughly 600,000 tons of coal
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