教学内容:the Subjunctive Mood (1) Unit 7 Living With Disease,SEFC 2 A
I wish I could / were / would…
If I were / did…, I would…
…as if I were… 的用法.
Task 1: Presentation by revision
Show a picture of Xiaohua on the screen.
T: …. Are you familiar with this girl? Who is this girl? Anything about her?
T: Yes. This girl is Xiaohua we have just learnt about in reading. She has learnt to live with the fact that she has got Aids and decided to use the limited time to help others. What a brave and sunny girl! And we know she has lots of wishes in her mind. What are her wishes? Go over the passage and tell us her wishes using the sentences from the reading material.
S1: I wish I could remember more about my mum.
S2: I wish that she were here with me and that we weren't sick.
S3: I wish people would find out the facts and not act as if I were a bad or dangerous person.
S4: If I were you, I would give an AIDS patient a hug.
T: (Show the sentences on the screen) Can she realize these wishes? Pity that she can't make these wishes come true. In other words, her wishes are unreal situations or things that are not certain to happen.
Task 2:Read and follow
Read the sentences and find out the rules, then follow them to make sentences.
T: You're clever enough to have found out the basic rules and have made good sentences. What patterns did you use?
S1: I wish I could …
S2: I wish I were…
S3: I wish I would…
S4: If I were …, I would…
S5: … as if I were …
T: (Show the patterns on the screen) From your sentences and Xiaohua's wishes, we can see these patterns are used to express unreal situations or things that are not certain to happen. That's the grammar we'll learn in this lesson—the Subjunctive Mood.
Task 3: Look and say
Show some pictures (one with a child looking at a bird flying in the blue sky; another with a boy, standing by a window, wondering at the moon and stars hanging in a night sky, …) and ask students to make wishes using the patterns.
T: I wish I were a bird.
S1: I wish I could fly in the sky like a bird.
S2: If I were a bird, I would fly in the sky.
S3: I feel as if I were a bird flying in the sky.
Task 4: Summary
We have learnt and practised several patterns of the Subjunctive Mood: I wish I could / I were / I would…; If I were / I did…, I would…; … as if I were… Here the subjunctive mood is used to express wishes and statements against the present facts. Remember in the clauses of these types of statements, the predicative verbs should be used in general past tense. While the predicative verbs in major sentences should be should / would / could /might do. The Subjunctive Wood is used instead of the indicative. This is just part of the Subjunctive Mood, and we'll learn more about it in Unit 8.
Task 5: Practice
Rewrite the sentences using the words in brackets.
1) I can't solve my problem. (I wish)
2) I'm not a shooting star. (I wish)
3) I'm afraid the performance won't go well. (I wish)
4) I am not a billionaire, so I won't buy what I want. (If)
5) I want to buy these books, but I don't have enough money. (If)
Complete the sentences using as if.
1) People treat me dangerous person).
2) Sarah looks at her husband stranger).
3) I remember the whole thing yesterday).
Task 6: Free talk
T: Just you've talked about some wishes according to the pictures and practised using different ways to express them. And now I'd like to know your own dreams and wishes very much. Please talk about your dreams and wishes using the patterns we've learnt today. One minute to think, and then report it in class.
S1: I wish I were a teacher. If I were a teacher, I would know how to study well.
S2: If I were a man, I would take good care of my wife.
T: What a creative idea! Boys and gentlemen, have you heard it? Please remember her wish.
S3: I wish I had a magic lamp. If I had a magic lamp, I would stop America from attacking Iraq.
T: A peace-lover!
S4: If I were a top player, I would take part in the Olympic Games.
S5: I wish I were a successful businessman. If I were a successful businessman, I would have lots of money and help the poor all over the world.
T: A caring and responsible guy!
S6: I wish I were a writer. If so, I would write down all the happy moments truly and wonderfully.
T: … You've not only used the patterns very well and correctly, but also your ideas are creative and wonderful. More importantly, you let me know your dreams and wishes. You're caring, responsible and lovely. Do you want to know my wishes? Boys and girls, I wish time could flow back. If time could flow back twenty years, I would be sitting here like you and I would study hard together with you. However, it's impossible. As a teacher, I wish I could set you a good example. As an English teacher, I wish I could improve everyone of your English as soon as possible. Let's work hard together to make our dreams come true earlier.
Task 7: Writing
Write a short passage about your wishes and dreams, including your reasons and efforts.