A sense of humor is just one of the many things shared by Alfred and Anthony Melillo, 64-year-old twin brothers from East Haven who made history in February 2002. On Christmas Eve, 1992, Anthony had a heart transplant（移植） from a 21-year-old donor（捐献者）. Two days before Valentine’s Day in 2002, Alfred received a 19-year-old heart, marking the first time on record that twin adults each received heart transplants.
“I’m 15 minutes older than him, but now I’m younger because of my heart and I’m not going to respect him,” Alfred said to a roomful of reporters, who laughed frequently at their jokes.
While the twins knew that genetics（遗传） might have played a role in their condition, they recognized that their eating habits might have also contributed to their heart problems. “We’d put half a pound of butter on a steak. I overdid it on all the food that tasted good, so I guess I deserved what I got for not dieting properly.”
The discussion moved to Anthony’s recovery. In the five years since his heart transplant, he had been on an exercise program where he regularly rode a bicycle for five miles, swam each day, and walked a couple of miles. He was still on medication, but not nearly as much as Alfred, who was just in the early stage of his recovery.
“Right now I feel pretty young and I’m doing very well,” Anthony said. “I feel like a new person.”
Alfred said his goal, of course, was to feel even better than his brother. But, he added, “I love my brother very much. We’re very close and I’m sure we’ll do just fine.”
1. This article is mainly about _______.
A. the danger of heart transplant operation
B. how to become younger
C. what is a sense of humour
D. the twin brothers who received heart transplants
2. What does the underlined word “deserved” （in Paragraph 3）mean?
A. To be given something because of bad behavior.
B. To gain something for a good reason.
C. To be worth paying attention to.
D. To be able to get rid of something.
3. Why did Alfred say, “...but now I’m younger because of my heart”?
A. His heart transplant operation was more successful than Anthony’s.
B. His recovery from the operation was faster than Anthony’s.
C. His exercise program was better than Anthony’s.
D. His new heart was younger than Anthony’s.
Students may find much of the information they need to attend college in the United States in The International Student Handbook. This guide is published by the College Board, an educational organization.
The International Student Handbook explains the American system of higher education. It tells foreign students how to apply for a college. It explains the different costs and what kinds of financial（财政的） aid that foreign students can get. The handbook also gives information about required tests.
The material is organized for both undergraduate and graduate students. Information is included on more than 2,500 colleges.
The International Student Handbook costs $28 if purchased（购买） through the College Board Web site. You might find it for less at a site like Amazon.com.
Students who want to know about undergraduate education only can buy the Online Undergraduate Edition at the College Board site. It costs twelve dollars and can be read on the computer or printed out. The online version includes learning about colleges, preparing an admission application, estimating（估计） costs and finding financial aid.
The Web site is collegeboard.com. Or you can write to the College Board at 45 Columbus Avenue, New York, New York 10023, USA.
We are now in the fifteenth week of our Foreign Student series. So far, we have explored the American college system, how to choose a school, and government rules about coming to the United States.
We have also talked about the TOEFL and other tests, the costs of education and the different forms of financial aid. Next week, the subject is how to decide what kind of housing situation to choose once you are admitted to a school.
Future reports will take you to different colleges and universities around the country. And we will discuss working as a teaching assistant.
4. The International Student Handbook is for ______.
A. the foreign students who are studying in the US
B. American students
C. the foreign students who want to study in America
D. the graduate students only
5. From the passage, we know that if we want to buy The International Student Handbook and the Online Undergraduate Edition, we can ______.
A. go to collegeboard.com.
B. go to Amazon.com.
C. write to a bookstore in New York
D. write to the Amazon company
6. Foreign Student series cover all the following EXCEPT ______.
A. different kinds of tests
B. how to earn money in the US
C. American college education costs
D. how to choose a house
7. Where is the passage most probably taken from?
A. A radio program. B. A textbook.
C. An American newspaper. D. A film.
DR. MARJORIE SEIDENFELD ANSWERS YOUR HEALTH QUESTIONS
I have such a terrible time falling asleep every night that I’m always tired and it’s affecting my schoolwork. What should I do?
--- Mindy in Nevada
One in every five young people has a sleep problem, so you’re not alone. Getting enough sleep has become as important as eating vegetables and exercising regularly. It’s very important for your body.
Most young people only get seven hours of sleep each night, when they actually need nine hours. And making up for lost sleep during the week by sleeping in on weekends doesn’t really work. In fact, sleeping late on weekends may actually do you more harm than good, if you have sleep problems.
What happens if you don’t get enough sleep? If your sleep problem continues for a few nights, you could suffer serious problems. Lack of sleep can affect learning and memory. Worse, if your sleep difficulties last a long time, that could lead to anxiety or depression(抑郁). Therefore, you’ve got to have some healthy sleep habits. Below are some suggestions:
GO TO BED AT THE SAME TIME --- including weekends, if possible.
WAKE UP AROUND THE SAME TIME EVERY MORNING When you sleep late just one morning during the week, it may disturb your body clock. This will make it hard for you to sleep that night.
DO SOMETHING RELAXING before going to bed.
EXERCISE DURING THE DAY. Don’t exercise right before going to bed.
AVOID DRINKING ALCOHOL. Alcohol makes you excited. This prevents you from falling asleep or wakes you up during the night.
DON’T SMOKE. Smoking is always bad for the body. Smoking before bedtime keeps you awake.
If trying these tips over a couple of weeks does not help you, speak to your doctor. Do not take any sleeping pills without first asking your doctor. Many have strong side effects.
8. According to the passage, if you have sleep problems for a few nights, you could be ______.
A. lonely B. serious C. forgetful D. depressed
9. The passage suggests that people with sleep problems should ______.
A. eat vegetables and exercise regularly
B. make up for lost sleep on weekends
C. follow a fixed timetable for sleep
D. sleep seven hours every day
10. We can learn from the suggestions that ______.
A. getting up earlier one morning makes it easier to fall asleep that night
B. listening to soft music before going to bed may help you fall asleep
C. smokers and those who drink alcohol usually have no sleep problems
D. exercising in the evening will help you get to sleep
11. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Sleep problems are serious among young people.
B. Sleeping late on weekends can make up for lost sleep.
C. Your eating habits will be broken due to lack of sleep.
D. You’ll no longer have your sleep problem if you try the tips.
Some people believe that international sport creates goodwill between the nations and that if countries play games together, they will learn to live together. Others say that the opposite is true: international competitions encourage false national pride and lead to misunderstanding and hatred（憎恨）. There is probably some truth in both arguments, but in recent years the Olympic Games have done little to support the view that sport encourages international brotherhood. Not only was there the tragic incident including the murder of athletes, but the Games were also ruined by incidents caused mainly by smaller national contests.
One country received its second-place medals with visible anger after the hockey(曲棍球) final. There had been noisy scenes at the end of the hockey match, the losers objecting to the final decisions. They were sure that one of their goals should not have been disallowed and that their opponents’ victory was unfair. Their manager was in great anger when he said, “This wasn’t hockey. Hockey and the International Hockey Federation are finished.” The president of the Federation said later that such behavior could result in the suspension（停赛） of the team for at least three years.
Incidents of this kind will continue as long as sport is played competitively rather than for the love of the game. The suggestion that athletes should compete as individuals, or in non-national teams, might be too much to hope for. But in the present organization of the Olympics there is far too much that encourages aggressive patriotism(爱国主义).
12. According to the author, recently the Olympic Games have ______.
A. created goodwill between the nations
B. brought about only false national pride
C. hardly showed any international friendship
D. put an end to misunderstanding and hatred
13. The underlined word “disallowed”(in Paragraph 2) means “______”.
A. permitted to pass
B. considered as reasonable
C. won by the other side
D. refused to accept
14. What did the manager mean by saying, “Hockey and the International Hockey Federation are finished”?
A. His team would no longer take part in international games.
B. Hockey and the Federation are both ruined by the unfair decisions.
C. There should be no more Hockey matches organized by the Federation.
D. The Federation should break up.
15. The author gives the example in paragraph 2 to show ______.
A. how false national pride led to undesirable incidents in international games
B. that sportsmen are often against the final decisions
C. that competitiveness in the games discourages international friendship
D. that unfair decisions are common in the Olympic Games
16. What conclusion can be drawn from the passage?
A. The organization of the Olympic Games must be improved.
B. Athletes should compete as individuals in the Olympic Games.
C. A game should be played competitively rather than for the love of the game.
D. More and more athletes will compete for their own honor.
I write to express my disagreement with the rather weak-minded attitude taken by your newspaper towards the sentence given to a certain Dennis Wilson. We expect the press to uphold the law, not to break it. I do not know the young man, but I believe he has been in trouble more than once before. Perhaps this will teach him a lesson he won’t forget.
I was encouraged by the attitude taken by your newspaper on the matter of young Dennis Wilson. Far from being the danger that some people say he is, Dennis is a responsible, though high-spirited youth who is well known in the neighborhood. As he said to the judge, he was only trying to brighten up the neighborhood with a mural(壁画). I must say that I enjoy looking at the mural as I walk to work in the morning.
To the Editor,
I was disappointed at the harsh and unfair reactions of many people of the community in the case of Dennis Wilson. The boy is reactive and gifted, and the work of art which he has produced is a major improvement to what was an ugly wall. To call it graffiti（乱涂乱写） is unreasonable. It might look a little strange to those people who do not appreciate modern art, but surely even they would rather look at a colorful wall than a dirty one. I believe that the judge in this case made a mistake, and I would like to take this opportunity of congratulating you for pointing this out.
I wish to cancel my subscription(订阅) to your newspaper. The attitude you took to the Wilson case has totally destroyed your credibility(信誉) as far as I am concerned. Your role is to report the facts objectively, not to express opinions. As far as I am concerned, that boy got off too lightly. He’s a danger to himself and all of those around him.
17. It can be inferred that ______.
A. the readers wrote the letters to please the editor
B. all the four people felt sorry for Dennis Wilson
C. what Dennis Wilson had done attracted the public’s attention
D. a newspaper should express its opinion clearly on any matter
18. The people were against Dennis Wilson because ______.
A. they thought the boy had nothing to do with them
B. they expected the boy to be punished for a long time
C. they didn’t like his painting on the wall
D. they thought Dennis was not a good boy
19. These four letters mainly talk about ______.
A. the agreement and disagreement with the sentence given to Dennis
B. the attitude the newspaper took towards Dennis Wilson’s case
C. how to encourage the youth to do a good deed
D. how to make a newspaper educate a trouble- -maker
The Americans believe that anybody can become President of the United States. In a recent Hollywood comedy（喜剧）, that is exactly what happens.
Dave Kovic, played by Kevin Kline, is a kind-hearted man who runs a business that finds people jobs. He leads a typical American way of life, except for one thing --- he looks exactly like the President, Bill Mitchell. In fact, the only thing that makes him different from the nation’s leader is that he is very nice!
The President has started using look-alikes during some public appearances. Dave is offered a chance to “serve his country” by becoming one. However, things go wrong. The President becomes very ill and Dave ends up acting as the President forever.
Director Ivan Reitman, who made the popular and successful comedies like Twins, Ghostbusters and Legal Eagles, could have gone for easy laughs by making fun of the American government. Instead, Dave is an attractive comedy about an ordinary man in extraordinary situations. Kevin Kline gives a double performance as Dave and the President, and Sigourney Weaver is at her best as his First Lady. The love story that develops between her role and Dave is a real classic.
The film is 100% American. However, if you’ve ever felt that anybody could do a better job running the country than the people in power, then you’ll enjoy Dave!
20. What is the purpose of the text?
A． To tell the reader about the American government.
B． To discuss the Americans’ ideas about the President.
C． To make a comparison between Dave and other films.
D． To introduce a new film to the reader.
21. Who plays the role of the President in the film?
A． Sigourney Weaver. B． Kevin Kline.
C． Bill Mitchell D． Ivan Reitman.
22. The underlined word “one” （in Paragraph 3） refers to ______.
A. the President B. the director
C. an actor D. a look-alike
23. Which of the following is best supported by the text?
A． The author makes fun of the President.
B． The author thinks highly of the film.
C． The author is a fan of Hollywood comedies.
D． The author wishes to become the American President.
Many cities around the world today are heavily polluted. Careless methods of production and lack of consumers’ demand for environment-friendly products have contributed to the pollution problem. One result is that millions of tons of glass, paper, plastic and metal containers are produced, and that these are difficult to get rid of.
However, today, more and more consumers are choosing “green” and demanding that the products they buy should be safe for the environment. Before they buy a product, they ask questions like these:“ Will this shampoo damage the environment?” “Can this metal container only be used or can it only be used once?
A recent study showed that two out of five adults now consider the environmental safety of a product before they buy it. This means that companies must now change the way they make and sell their products to make sure that they are “green”, that is, friendly to the environment.
Only a few years ago it was impossible to find green products in supermarkets, but now there are hundreds. Some supermarket products carry labels (标签) to show that the product is green. Some companies have made the manufacturing (生产) of clean and safe products their main selling point and emphasize it in their advertising. The concern for a safer and cleaner environment is making companies rethink how they do business. No longer will the public accept the old attitude of “buy it, use it, throw it away, and forget it”. The public pressure is on, and gradually business is cleaning up its cat.
24. It becomes clear from the text that the driving force behind green products is ______.
A. public caring for the environment
B. companies’ desire for bigger sales
C. new ways of doing business
D. rapid growth of supermarkets
25. What would be the best title for the text?
A. Business and People
B. Business Goes Green
C. Shopping Habits Are Changing
D. Supermarkets and Green Products
26. The underlined word “it” (in Paragraph 4) refers to ______.
A. a selling point
B. a company name
C. a great demand for healthy food
D. the manufacturing of green products
I’m usually fairly doubtful about any research that concludes that people are either happier or unhappier or more or less certain of themselves than they were 50 years ago. While any of these statements might be true, they are practically impossible to prove scientifically. Still, I was struck by a report that concluded that today’s children are far more anxious than children in the 1950s. In fact, the analysis (分析) showed that normal children aged 9 to 17 exhibit a higher level of anxiety today than children who were treated for mental illness 50 years ago.
Why are America’s kids so stressed? The report gives two main causes: increasing physical isolation (孤立) and a growing feeling that the world is a more dangerous place.
Given that we can’t turn the clock back, adults can still do plenty to help the next generation.
At the top of the list is helping develop a better understanding of the limits of individualism (个人主义). No child is an island. Strengthening social ties helps build communities (团体) and protect individuals against stress.
To help kids build stronger connections with others, you can pull the plug on TVs and computers. Your family will thank you later. They will have more time for face-to-face relationships, and they will get more sleep.
Limit the amount of virtual (虚拟的) violence within the reach of your children. It’s not just video games and movies; children see a lot of murder and crime on the local news.
Keep your expectations for your children reasonable. Many highly successful people never attended Harvard or Yale.
Make exercise part of your daily life. It will help you deal with your own anxieties and provide a good model for your kids. Sometimes anxiety is unavoidable. But it doesn’t have to ruin your life.
27. The author thinks that the conclusions of any research about people’s state of mind are ______.
A. surprising B. reasonable
C. believable D. questionable
28. What does the author mean when he says, “we can’t turn the clock back”?
A. It’s impossible to slow down the speed of change.
B. The social reality children are facing cannot be changed.
C. Lessons learned from the past should not be forgotten.
D. It’s impossible to forget what happened in the past.
29. The first and most important thing parents should do to help their children is to ______.
A. provide them with a safer environment
B. lower their expectations for them
C. get them into more touch with other people
D. set a good model for them to follow
30. What conclusion can be drawn from the passage?
A. Anxiety, though unavoidable, can be dealt with.
B. Children’s anxiety has been described to be far too serious.
C. Children’s anxiety can be got rid of with more parental care.
D. Anxiety, if properly controlled, may help fit children for life.
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