A.Adults keep pets with their children.
B.Petkeeping has a very long history.
C.Petkeeping may do harm to animals.
D.People keeps pets for their aesthetic need.
E.Caged pets become increasingly popular.
F.Petkeeping is helpful for children's growth.
Petkeeping is a timehonoured tradition. One of the reasons for people to raise dogs or cows was usefulness. While people in the past hunted animals and kept them in their backyards, the civilised man today is less cruel towards them and is less exploitative(利用的).
We keep animals as pets because they are attractive. We all have the urge to possess something that has aesthetic(美学的)value, and this is why we treasure paintings or fine furniture. Keeping pets is one form of this urge. A Siamese cat in the house can be a decorative object. Pets are playful animals and they amuse us. A little rabbit amuses us by its playful and lively runs.
Many parents find it helpful to have pets in the house for their children. Having pets is an excellent way of developing in children the love of animals and responsibility. Children get the opportunity to take on full responsibility for another creature's life. It will be an educational experience for a child to watch the natural life cycle of an animal. There are psychological(心理的) benefits for children. Pets are welcome friends for children who are lonely. Pets are excellent companions. Keeping pets means giving love and being loved. We find comfort in giving care and receiving care in return. We get pleasure from their appearance and their behaviour.
As more people move into apartments, there are limitations on keeping of animals like dogs and monkeys. Therefore, caged animals have increased in popularity. Birds fall into this group. We keep them fo r their beautiful songs and feathers. Fish keeping is a widespread hobby and the keeper can observe their behavior in the glass tank and study its entire life cycle. The cat is a fine house pet and it fits neatly into human habitation(居住地) without requiring its own cage. They are wonderful hunters, if there are rats around.
Pets satisfy man's desire to care for a bit of nature. The pet owner has the responsibility for supplying those needs that nature provides. Pets are amusing and entertaining, but we are in a way doing animals harm by making them live in a human environment. Are we not enslaving(奴役)them?
A.Healthy way of life giving way to overuse of medicine
B.Different findings as to taking additional vitamin
C.EU's response to overuse of health products
D.Worrying increase in multivitamin advertising
E.EU directive for the benefit of individuals
F.EU directive against prediction in novels
The use of health supplements such as multivitamin tablets has increased greatly in the western world. People take these supplements because advertising suggests that they prevent a range of medical conditions from developing. However, there is concern that people are consuming worryingly high doses of these supplements and the European Union (EU) has issued a directive that will ban the sale of a wide range of them. This EU directive should be supported.
Research suggests that people who take Vitamin C supplements of over 5000 milligrams a day are more likely to develop cancer. This shows how much damage these health supplements do to people's health. A spokesman for the health supplement industry has argued that other research shows that Vitamin C supplements hel p prevent heart disease, but we can dismiss this evidence as it is from a biased source.
Science fiction of the 1960s and 1970s predicted that pills would replace meals as the way in which people would get the fuel they needed. This, it was argued, would mean a more efficient use of time as people wouldn't have to waste it preparing or eating meals. The EU directive would help prevent this nightmare of pills replacing food becoming a reality.
People already take too many pills instead of adopting a healthier lifestyle. For example, the consumption of painkillers in Britain in 1998 was 21 tablets per year for every man, w oman and child in the country. People do not need all these pills.
Some might argue that the EU directive denies people's right to freedom of choice. However, there are many legal examples for such intervention when it is in the individual's best interests. We now make people wear seatbelts rather than allowing them to choose to do so. Opposing the EU directive would mean beneficial measures like this would be threatened.
A.Study the levels of stress by comparison.
B.Higher level of stress causes more trouble.
C.Milder stress does more harm than expected.
D.A certain level of stress is efficient in working conditions.
E.Always pay enough attention to mild stress.
F.Modern social conditions may lead to stress.
Even relatively mild stress can lead to long term disability and an inability to work, reveals a large population based study published online in the Journal of Epidemiology (流行病学) and Community Health. It is well known that mental health problems are associated with long term disability, but the impact of milder forms of psychological stress is likely to have been underestimated (低估), say the authors.
Between 2002 and 2007, the authors tracked the health of more than 17,000 working adults up to the age of 64, who had been randomly selected from the population in the Stockholm area. All participants completed a validated (经验证的) questionnaire at the start of the study to measure their mental health and stress levels, as well as other aspects of health and wellbeing.
During the monitoring period, 649 people started receiving disability benefit—203 for a mental health problem and the remainder for physical ill health. Higher levels of stress at the start of the study were associated with a significantly greater likelihood of subsequently being awarded long term disability benefits. But even those with mild stress were up to 70% more likely to receive disability benefits, after taking account of other factors likely to influence the results, such as lifestyle and alcohol intake. One in four of these benefits awarded for a physical illness, such as high blood pressure, angina(心绞痛), and stroke(中风), and almost two thirds awarded for a mental illness, were likely to have been caused by stress.
The authors say that it is important to consider their findings in the context of modern working life, which places greater demands on employees, and social factors, such as fewer close personal relationships and supportive networks.
These factors lead them to ask, “Are the strains and demands of modern society commonly exceeding(超出) human ability?” And they conclude that while mild stress should not be overmedicalised, their findings suggest that it should be taken more seriously than it is.
A.Try your best to get rid of shyness
B.Think of some conversation starters
C.Give yourself a chance to communicate
D.Start conversations with familiar people
E.Develop your confidence
F.Practise what to say in advance
Some people want to feel less shy so that they can have more fun socializing and being themselves around others. Practise social behaviors like eye contact, confident body language, in troductions, small talk, asking questions, and invitations with the people you feel most comfortable around.Then branch out to do this with new friends and strangers, too.
Often the hardest part of talking to someone new is getting started.Think of some topics, like introducing yourself “Hi, I'm Chris.We are in the same English class ”， giving a comment “That jacket looks great on you”， or asking a question “Do you know when our report is due?” Being ready with a conversation starter or a few makes it easier to approach someone else.
When you're ready to try something you've been avoiding because of shyness—like a phone call or a conversation, write down what you want to say beforehand.Read it loudly, maybe even in front of the mirror.Then just do it.Don't worry about if it's not exactly like you practiced or if it's not perfect.Be proud that you gave it a go.Next time, it'll be even better because it will be easier.
Find group activities where you can be with people who share your interests.Give yourself an opportunity to practise socializing with these new people, and get to know them slowly.People who are shy often worry about failing or how others will judge them.Worries and feelings like these can keep you away from others.
Because shy people can be overly concerned with other people's reactions, they don't want to rock the boat.That doesn't mean they're cautious.But it can mean they are less likely to be confident.Being confident means speaking up for yourself when you should, asking what you want or need, or telling other people when they're stepping on your toes.
A.Get adequate iron
B.Keep yourself hydrated.
C.Get enough calories
D.A little exercise goes a long way.
E.Eat a balanced, varied diet
F.Spread your calories throughout the day.
The Energy Diet
How can I lose weight when every time I go on a diet, I'm so exhausted that I can barely make it through the day? So goes the complaint of many men and women who are concerned about being overweight. What many people don't realize is that a healthful weightloss plan can actually boost your energy. The key is to eat smart. And then combine this healthful diet with some physical activity. Here are six pointers to get you started.
Consume too few calories and you'll have less energy, and decrease the amount of calories burned. “That's because one of the ways the body protects itself from starvation is to slow down its metabolism，” explains Dr. Donald Hensrud, a nutrition professor at the Mayo Clinic, in Rochester, Minn. So how many calories do you need to feel energized while also slimming down? A healthful weightloss rate is roughly oneandahalf pounds per week, and the calorie intake to achieve this depends on your age, weight, and activity level.
The key to keeping your energy level up when you diet is to eat balanced meals that supply all the nutrients you need. “Vitamins and minerals act like spark plugs，” explains Kristine Clark, director of sports nutrition at Pennsylvania State University. “They help release the energy in nutrientrich food.” Try to follow USDA guidelines. They call for 6 to 11 servings per day from the bread, cereal, rice, and pasta group; three to five servings of vegetables; two to four of fruits; two or three of milk or cheese; two or three of meat, fish, or eggs. Avoid fried and creamy dishes, and keep consumption of sweets and desserts to a minimum.
When you go for five to six hours without food, the amount of fuel in your system starts to run low, and you begin to feel tired. Therefore, says Kristine Clark, it's important to eat at regular intervals to keep your energy up. If you exercise, it's important to make sure you have “fuel in the tank” before you head for the gym. Avoid eating a large number of calories at one time, since it's harder to control your total calorie intake, making weight gain more likely.
About 10% of women of childbearing age in the United States are iron deficient. Iron is essential for energy and endurance because it is a vital component of red blood cells, which carry oxygen to working muscles. “Fatigue and listlessness can be directly associated with too little iron，” says Frances Berg, a licensed nutritionist in Hettinger, N.D. The best sources of iron are meat, poultry, and some fish. Other sources: fortified cereals, dried beans, dried fruits, and peas.
“I don't have the energy to exercise!” say many dieters. Indeed, a 1998 survey, developed in part by the Center for Sports Medicine at Penn State, found that over 70% of respondents cited “too tired” or “lack of energy” as key reasons to skip exercising. Yet exercise is exactly what these people need. And, lastly, don't try to do too much too soon. Consider breaking your exercise into small units. Instead of trying to do 30 minutes in one chunk, accumulate exercise in short bouts (一场，一回)every day by mowing the lawn, walking to work, or climbing stairs instead of taking an elevator. It won't be long before you reap (收获)the rewards. Imagine carrying a 15pound sack of groceries around all day. Then think about how much more energy you'd have if you put that sack down.
A.Stop looking outsid e yourself.
B.Stop neglecting your selfcontrol.
C.Stop stalling(拖延) and being lazy.
D.Stop letting negative people influence you.
E.Stop remaining alone in your comfort zone.
F.Stop looking down on your efforts and your progress.
5 Things to Stop Doing
When you stop doing the wrong things and start doing the right things, almost anything you want and everything you need comes within reach, which means it's time to...
You can't build a good reputation or a successful way of life based on what you could do or might do some day. The quality of your life is related to your commitment to get things done, regardless of your chosen path. So don't sit there and say, “Somebody should really do something about that some day.” Be that somebody, and make today the day.
Nobody ever wrote down a plan to be lazy, out of shape, uneducated, etc. These things happen when you lose your selfcontrol. Showing a lack of selfcontrol is in the same way as giving authority to others: “Perhaps I need someone else to help control me.” And if you're lucky enough to have good friends and family, they might try. But the truth is that no one is going to look out for you every second. No one is going to follow you around and say, “Don't buy that, get off the sofa, take a jog, go to th e library, etc.” You, and YOU ALONE, must make the choice between what is right and what is easy in your life.
In life you have to CREATE your own love, define your own meaning, and protect your own inspiration. This process starts on the inside, not somewhere else. Much of this can be accomplished simply by staying true to your values, pursuing your passions, learning more today than you knew yesterday, and helping others smile as you go.
You might think being alone makes you lonely, but that's not entirely true. Being surrounded by the wrong people is the loneliest place in the world. Before you regard yourself as an unhappy person, first be sure that you are not simply surrounded by negative people constantly trying to bring you down to their level.
Appreciate where you are now and keep fighting for where you want to be tomorrow. You are not a failure until you give up on yourself. Keep going! Hard times may hold you down for a while but they will not last forever, and when all is said and done, you will be able to stand even taller than those who didn't earn it. Seriously, you may not be where you want to be yet, but look how far you've come. Be thankful that you're not where you used to be. If you have no other promise right now, you have this one: “I'm still here trying.”
A.Never respond before you think twice.
B.Put personal files online.
C.Don't post anything without a second thought.
D.Protect your private material.
E.Establish your online identity and reputation.
F.Express your anger in a proper way.
The virtual world is full of opportunities to share with people around the world. It's also a place where nothing is temporary and there are no “takebacks.” A lot of what you do and say online can be got back online even if you delete it—and it's an easy thing for others to copy, save, and forward your information.
Anyone who accesses your profile on a social networking site can copy or screencapture information and photos that you may not want the world to see. Don't rel y on the site's default settings. Read each site's instructions or guidelines to make sure you're doing everything you can to keep your material private. If someone logs on to a site and pretends to be you, they can trash your identity. Pick passwords that no one will guess (don't use your favorite band or your dog's birthday; try thinking of two completely random nouns and mixing in a random number), and change then often. Never share them with anyone other than your parents or a trusted adult. Not even your best friend, boyfriend, or girlfriend should know your private passwords!
Things tha t seem funny or cool to you right now might now seem so cool years from now—or when a teacher, admissions officer, or potential employer sees them. A good and reliable way is: if you'd feel unnatural if your grandmother, coach, or best friend's parents saw it, it's probably not a good thing to post. Even if it's on a private page, it could be backed or copied and forwarded.
Research shows that a high percentage of teens receive improper messages and requirements when they're online. These can be scary, strange, and even embarrassing. If you feel troubled by a stranger or a friend online, tell an adult you trust immediately. It is never a good idea to respond. Responding is only likely to make things worse, and might result in you saying something you wish you hadn't.
If you are eager to let out an angry comment on a message board or blog, it's a good idea to wait a few minutes, calm down, and remember that the comments may stay up (with your screen name right there) long after you've regained your temper and maybe changed your mind. You might feel anonymous or disguised in chat rooms, social networks, or other sites—and this could lead to mean, insulting, or abusive comments toward someone else, or sharing pictures and comments you may later regret. We've all heard of cyber bullying (网络欺凌), but most people think online bullying is something people do intentionally. But sharing stuff or dropping random comments when we're not face to face with someone can hurt just as much, if not more. And it can damage how others see you if they find out. A good rule to remember: if you wouldn't say it, show it, or do it in person, you probably don't want to online.
Chances are, you've already checked your “digital footprint”—nearly half of all online users do. Try typing your screen name or email address into a search engine and see what comes up. That's one way to get a sense of what others see as your online identity. In general, if you have questions about the trail you're leaving online, don't be afraid to ask a trusted adult. Sure, you might know more about the online world than a lot of adults do, but they have life experience that can help. Your online identity and reputation are shaped in much the same way as your reallife identity, except that when you're online you don't always get a chance to explain your tone or what you mean. Thinking before you post an d following the same rules for responsible behavior online as you do offline can help you avoid leaving an online identity trail you regret.
A.Make a wellbalanced daily plan
B.Predict how long tasks will take
C.Keep records of where your time is going
D.Handle things in order of importance
E.Learn to reject others' demands
F.Analyze the distribution of your time
How to Manage Your Time Effectively
It has been said that “Time is Money”—but I disagree. Isn't Time really LIFE? At the end of your life, can you even imagine saying to yourself, “I wish I'd made more money.” It's more likely you'd be thinking “I wish I'd had more TIME—time to enjoy my life more.” Here are my favorite strategies for managing that most precious of all resources—TIME.
You can't find something you've lost when you don't know where you might have lost it in the first place. So keep track of the exact time you begin and end an activity, and write down a few words to describe the activity. This requires you to be really honest with yourself and track your time—so if you spent 23 minutes chatting with coworkers over coffee—write it down EXACTLY!
Review your time logs(记录)and start to classify the tasks into categories(范畴). You will create these categories yourself, as briefly as possible. Some examples might be: Administr ation, Business Development, Sales & Marketing, Computer, etc. You will then sum up how much time you spent doing tasks or activities for each category, in the exact number of minutes. You might also do a little math, to figure the percentage of time each category takes out of each day.
If you were honest and diligent, chances are that you had suddenly awakened after you reviewed your daily time logs. You no doubt can see where the time is wasted—and now you're ready to make a better schedule. Make the best of your time by considering when you're at your best for certain tasks, by grouping similar tasks together for greater efficiency, and by setting aside certain time for doing uninterrupted work. Think where different tasks can best fit into your day. Then actually write this routine down and post it where you see it every day.
You can create your own easy tools to do this. On one sheet of paper, create 5 sections: High Priorities(优先), Secondary Priorities, People to Contact, Telephone calls, and Schedule. You can fill this out each day, first thing in the morning. Each day, ask yourself: “If nothing else gets done today, what are the one or two items that absolutely must be done?” You should also regularly go back to the time logging exercise, so you can determine if you are slipping back into those old bad habits and take immediate steps to get back on track.
More often than not, we take on more than we should because we don't want to hurt someone else's feelings. When we burden ourselves too much, we are not only creating unnecessary stress in our lives, but we are also creating potential situations where we cannot deliver what we've promised. We also don't realize that when we can't deliver what we're promised, we can unintentionally cause more pain than if we had turned that down in the first place. Remember, you're not doing any favors for yourself or anyone else by taking on more than you can reasonably deliver.
A.Read the News
B.Work at Being Social
C.Tap into Selfknowledge
D.Switch Up the Types of Books
F.Learn How To Say，“I Could Be Wrong.”
Although people value intelligence—understanding, reasoning, the ability to learn—they also respect wisdom, or the knowledge and experience that we gain over a lifetime. Intelligence does reduce somewhat during adulthood, and wisdom generally improves with age.
In some ways, wisdom is like beauty: we value it, we desire it, we know it when we see it, but it is nearly impossible to pin down such a quality. But researchers have tried—and here's what they've found.
Intelligence may be somewhat innate, but wisdom can most certainly be learned. Almost everyone has the capacity to become wiser, especially if you strengthen these five habits that the wisest people all share in common. Here's how to wise up at any age.
Studies show that people who stay connected to others show higher levels of wisdom than those who are more closed. Make an effort to join a new club, reconnect with distant friends on Facebook, or invite an old friend or new coworker for coffee. Next time you're at a party or gathering, single out someone who's standing alone and strike up a conversation. People generally love to talk about themselves; you, on the other hand, have a harder job: to listen closely.
Wisdom involves being able to understand all sides of an issue without letting emotions or personal feelings get in the way. This involves finding empathy and realizing that everyone has a life story that influences their actions. It also involves being willing to let a belief change, knowing that your beliefs are going to change again as you learn more about yourself and about life or accepting a debate you have not yet had because of some unknown risk to that belief. During the course of every day, make a note of the issues that bother you, and take a moment to see them from the other side.
A wise person understands that it is impossible to know everything and that life is capable of taking unexpected turn. Recognizing your errors can lead only to greater wisdom, and admitting that there are times when you could be mistaken will go a long way in solidifying your reputation as someone whose advice can be trusted. As the R oman philosopher Cicero said, “Any man is liable to err; only a fool persists in error.”
You cannot make balanced choices unless you understand world events and the experiences of others. While current events are important, both fiction and nonfiction books can help you expand your worldview and allow you to explore new ideas and points of view. Mix up your bookshelf: Read news stories, histories, biographies and memoirs, funny reads, frictional books that expose you to new cultures and eras, and books that present a point of view or make a case about certain aspects of heath, science, politics, and other subjects.
You've learned a lot just by being alive, but have you taken the time to review all that you've learned? Try this exercise: write down your three biggest failures and three greatest successes. For each, review the events that led up to it and what lessons you took away from the experience. Look for patterns. This is not a time for regret, or pride; the goal is to look at each experience, good or bad, as more fuel to enrich your wisdom.