设为首页 加入收藏/网站地图
英语学习 音标 听力 口语 语法 词汇 翻译 作文   轻松英语 英文歌曲 影音赏析 英语幽默 休闲英语 诗歌散文 英语演讲
广播英语 VOA BBC CNN CRI NPR PEC职业英语      英语新闻 国际新闻 国内新闻 双语新闻 娱乐新闻 体育新闻 社会生活
学校英语 少儿 小学 初中 高中 小升初 中考 高考 英语考试 英语四级 英语六级 口译笔译 考研英语 专四专八 PETS 雅思 托福
行业英语 商务英语 计算机英语 金融证券英语 办公英语 公务员英语 外贸英语 求职英语 酒店英语 法律英语 医务英语 体育英语
网站首页 天天学英语学习网 --- 免费英语学习网站英语学习网中华英语学习网英语在线翻译在线英语学习工具,英语学习英语翻译英语听力英语口语英语音标英语语法英语作文英语考试英语四级英语六级口译考试笔译考试专业四级考研英语学校英语少儿英语小学英语高中英语中考英语高考英语小升初英语英语新闻国际新闻国内新闻双语新闻娱乐新闻体育新闻行业英语商务英语计算机英语金融英语办法英语公务员英语外贸英语求职英语酒店英语广播英语VOABBCCNNCRINPR轻松英语英文歌曲影音赏析英语演讲等更多英语学习资料
您现在的位置: 天天学英语 >> 学校英语 >> 中考英语 >> 中考英语语法 >> 正文
中考英语语法定语从句练习 简介:中考英语语法定语从句练习定语从句 一: 先行词: 被定语从句所修饰的词二: 关系代词:用来连接定语从句,并在从句中代表先行词的代词.先行词是物: which that先行词…
中考英语语法定语从句练习       ★★★★★
中考英语语法定语从句练习
作者:天天学英语 文章来源:http://www.ttxyy.com 点击数: 更新时间:2012-12-29 17:32:33

中考英语语法定语从句练习
定语从句 一: 先行词: 被定语从句所修饰的词
二: 关系代词:用来连接定语从句,并在从句中代表先行词的代词.
先行词是物: which that
先行词是人: who that
在从句中的作用: 主语、宾语、表语
e.g. They had a radio. / It could send out messages.
They had a radio which/ that could send out message. (主语)
The girl is my best friend. / She spoke just now.
The girl who/ that spoke just now is my best friend. (主语)
He always buys some books. / He never read them.
He always buys some books (which/ that) he never read. (宾语)
注意点:
1.) 定语从句一般直接跟在先行词的后面:
e.g. The man who lives next door sells vegetables.
The man sells vegetables who lives next door. ( * )
The car which my uncle just bought was destroyed in the earthquake.
The car was destroyed in the earthquake which my uncle just bought. ( * )
2.)关系代词在从句中作宾语时可以省略:
e.g. The young man ( who ) you saw was our manager.
There is something ( that ) we must keep in mind.
3.) 关系代词在从句中作介词的宾语时,介词常可以提前,但介词提前时, 关系代词只能用which 或whom
e.g. The man is a famous runner. / You talked to him just now.
The man to whom you talk just now is a famous runner.
The chair is made of wood. / He is sitting on it now.
The chair on which he is sitting now is made of wood.
He is a library assistant. / I borrowed some books from him.
He is a library assistant from whom I borrowed some books.
It is a famous school. / He graduated from it 3 years ago.
It is a famous school from which he graduated 3 years ago.
The service should be improved. / The students complain a lot about it.
The service about which the students complain a lot should be improved.
有一些动词短语中的介词是固定搭配,不可以拆开,一般还是放在动语之后,不提前:
e.g. He is the student. / The teachers are looking for him.
He is the student who the teachers are looking for.
The number of the children is 30. / She takes care of the children.
The number of the children who she takes care of is 30.
三: whose 的用法:
的"时,它既可以修饰指人的先行词,也可以修饰指物的先行词.((关系代词与其后的名词构成所有格,即"
e.g. The girl is my daughter. / Her work got the first prize.
The girl whose work got the first prize is my daughter.
Do you know anyone? / His family is in Xi'an.
The book is not mine. / The cover of it is red.
I live in the room. / The windows of it face south.
The chair has been repaired. / The leg of it was broken.
四:限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句:
限制性定语从句:主句和从句不隔开,从句不能省略,否则就会失掉意义不能成立.
He is reading a book which is too difficult for him.
Here is the boy who damaged the glass.
非限制性定语从句:主句和从句用逗号隔开,从句对修饰的部分起到进一步说明的作用,拿掉后其它部分的语意仍保持完整.
e.g. The book is written by Guo Jinming, who is only 19 years old.
Bob's father, who was an engineer, spent 4 years in Egypt.
Shanghai, which is developing fast, has become one of world's trade center.
注意点:
非限制性定语从句不能用that引导.
e.g. She is very fond of French, which indeed she speaks quite well.
which还可以用来指代上文中的一件事情.
e.g. Their house is washed away by the floods, which made them very sad.
He lost his job finally, which was exactly what we wanted.
介词+which:
The picture ______ he paid $100 was once owned by a king.
Can you think of a situation this word can be used?
I'm grateful to him for that advice,I owed all my success.
关系副词: when where why
当先行词是表示时间的名词,用when,在定语从句中充当时间状语,这时一般可以用介词+which来代替:
e.g. I will never forget the day./ I went to university on that day.
I will never forget the day when/ on which I went to university.
He still remember the morning. / The earthquake happened on that morning.
He still remember the morning when/ on which the earthquake happened.
当先行词是表示地点的名词,用where,在定语从句中充当地点状语,这时一般可以用介词+which来代替:
e.g. This is the house. / He used to live in the house.
This is the house where/ in which he used to live.
I know of a place. / We can swim in that place.
I know of a place where/ in which we can swim.
Is there any shop around? / I can buy a pen in the shop.
Is there any shop around where/ in which I can buy a pen.
先行词是表示原因的名词,即reason,用why,在定语从句中充当原因状语,这时一般可以用for +which来代替:
e.g. I don't know the reason. / He did it for this reason.
I don't know the reason why/ for which he did it.
The reason was not clear. / He was fired for it.
The reason why/ for which he was fired was not clear.
注意点:
当表示时间、地点和原因的名词在从句中不是作状语,而是在从句中作主语或宾语时,还是应用which/ that
e.g. This is the date _______ we're proud of.
This is the date _______ he was born.
I will never forget the time ______ we spent together.
This is the factory _______ my mother works.
This is the factory _______ we visited last week.
Is this factory you visit last week?
A.the one B. where C. which D. that
This factory is the one (that/ which) you visit last week.
I don't believe the reason _____ he gave for his decision.
Another reason _______ he made this decision is that he had to consider the feelings of others.
关系词的选择
A.只用that
a.当先行词是不定代词,如all, everything, anything, nothing, much, few, little, none, the one等All that can be done has been done.
I didn't mean this one; I mean the one that was bought yesterday.
b.先行词(指物的)前面有only, few, one of, little, no, all, every, very等词修饰时
There's no difficulty that we can't overcome.
I've read all the books that can be borrowed here.
c.先行词被序数词first, last, next等或形容词的最高级修饰时
This is the first letter that I've written in Japanese.
She is the most careful girl that I've ever known.
d.当先行词既有人又有物时
They talked about the teachers and schools that they had visited.
The speaker talked of some writers and books that were unknown to us.
e.当先行词是系动词be后面的表语或关系词本身是从句的表语时
China isn't the country that she used to be 50 years ago.
He is no longer the man that he used to be.
It's a book that will help you a great deal.
f.当主句是以who, which或what开头的特殊疑问句时
Who is the man that is waiting at the bus stop?
Which is the car that overtook us yesterday?
g. 当主句以There be…结构开头时,或关系代词在there be…结构中作实义主语,先行项为物
There is a seat in the corner that is still free.
There are two tickets of the film that are for you.
The 9.15 is the fastest train that there has ever been.
h. 当先行词是what时What did you hear that made you so angry?
i.当先行词是基数词时
Yesterday I caught two fish and put them in a basin of water. Now you can see the two that are still alive.
B. 只用which
a. 在非限制性定语从句,充当主语或定语
They have three houses, which are built of stone.
b. 当关系代词前有介词时
This is the factory in which we once worked.
We study in the classroom of which the doors face south.
c.当先行词本身that是时
What's that which flashed in the sky just now?
d. 当关系代词后面带有插入语时
Here is the English grammar book which, as I have told you, will help improve your English.
I've bought you some books which I think may interest you.
C.只用who不用that
a.先行词是one, ones或anyone时One who does not work hard will never succeed.
Anyone who breaks the law should be punished.
She is the only one of the students who has been to the USA.
b.先行词为those 或被those修饰,指人时
Those who learn not only from books but also through practice will succeed.
c.在以there be…的句子中,先行词为人时
There is a comrade outside who wants to see you.
d. 当定语从句中又有定语从句,且先行项都为人时
The student that won the first prize is the monitor who works hard.
e.当指人的先行项被一些指物的名词修饰时
There 's only one student in the school who I want to see.
Do you know the woman in blue with a baby on her back who is working in the fields?
f. 在非限制性定语从句中指人
I met a friend of mine in the street, who had just come from America.
g.定语从句中有插入语时, 并不影响关系代词和副词的选择.
Jackson is a man who I believe is honest.
He won another award, which I think is the result of his hard work.
D.在定语从句中,whose作定语, 其先行项既可以是人,又可以是物
Lei Feng was a great communist fighter whose death was weightier than Mount Tai.
Where's the window whose glass is broken?
E. 在定语从句,关系副词when, where, why与关系代词which, that的关系
July 1st, 1921 is the day that/which we Chinese should always remember.
This is the place that/which they visited last year.
Please give me a reason that/which could account for your absence.
I still remember the day when(=on which) I joined the army.
This is the room where(=in which) Luxun once lived.
Another reason why(=for which) he works hard is that he has pass the exam.
F. as, which的比较
a.在非限制性定语从句中,均可替代整个主句或句中某个部分,在从句中作主语,宾语,表语.如从句在主句之后,两者皆可用转载请著名来自:(hTTP://wWw.TtxYy.CoM 年终工作总结 )
They failed in the exam, as/which is natural.
She seems a scientist, as/which in fact she is.
Grammar is not a set of dead rules, which/as I have said before.
b.如从句在主句之前,用as
As we all know, his parents were killed in this war.
As is known to all, the earth travels around the sun.
c.如关系代词代表主句全句意思,有"正如...""就象..."之意时,用as
We won the match, as we had expected.
He agreed to the plan, as was to be expected.
d. 当先行项被the same, such, so修饰时,用as
This is the same book as you bought yesterday.同类书 (比较:This is the same book that you bought yesterday.同一本书)
Don't believe in such men as praise you to your face.
I never give my students so difficult a question as no one can work out.
e. 当从句内容对主句内容起消极作用,则用which
The young man cheated his friend out of much money, which was disgra 定语从句小结
. as 也可以用来引导非限制性定语从句, 用来指待一件事,这时它的位置可以放在句首、句中和句尾.
e.g. He is an American, as/which we know from his accent.
As we know from his accent,
文章录入:admin    责任编辑:admin 
  • 上一篇文章:

  • 下一篇文章:
  • 【字体: 】【加入收藏】【关闭窗口
    最新推荐 更多内容
     从中考英语写作谈英语写作教学和备考训练
     如何写出中考英语高分作文
     如何复习备考中考英语作文
     中考英语20个话题作文范文汇编
     中考英语作文常考典型句子归纳
     中考英语作文范文
     中考英语作文避免错误秘笈
     2012年中考英语万能作文模板(超级背诵版)
     关于中考英语听力训练的几点体会
     中考英语复习方法反思
    天天学英语学校英语导航
    少儿英语
    幼儿英语 | 棒棒英语
    英语故事 | 希望英语
    剑桥英语 | 英语儿歌
    朗文少儿 | 教育方法
    小学英语
    小学英语语法 | 小学英语作文
    小学英语词汇 | 小学英语试题
    初中英语
    初中英语语法 | 初中英语词汇
    初中英语作文 | 初中英语完形阅读
    初中英语改错翻译句型 | 初中英语试题
    高中英语
    高中英语词汇 | 高中英语语法
    高中英语作文 | 高中英语完形阅读
    高中英语改错翻译句型 | 高中英语试题
    小升初英语
    小升初英语动态 | 剑五BETS
    三一口语 | 小升初英语模拟题
    小升初英语历年真题 | 小升初英语语法
    小升初英语阅读 | 小升初英语作文
    中考英语
    中考英语动态 | 中考英语听力
    中考英语词汇 | 中考英语语法
    中考完形阅读 | 中考英语作文
    中考英语历年真题 | 中考英语模拟试题
    高考英语
    高考英语动态 | 高考英语听力
    高考英语词汇 | 高考英语语法
    高考完形阅读 | 高考英语作文
    高考模拟试题 | 高考英语真题
    高中出国英语
    相关文章: 查看更多关于中考英语语法的文章
    没有相关文章
    | 设为首页 | 加入收藏 | 联系我们 | 友情链接 | 关于我们 | 网站地图

    免责声明:本站所有资料仅供学习者免费参考试用,部分资料来源于网络,如涉及版权等问题,请您及时与我们联系。
    Copyright@ 2004-2010 天天学英语 All Rights Reserve 苏ICP备10066913号