定语从句 一: 先行词: 被定语从句所修饰的词
先行词是物: which that
先行词是人: who that
e.g. They had a radio. / It could send out messages.
They had a radio which/ that could send out message. (主语)
The girl is my best friend. / She spoke just now.
The girl who/ that spoke just now is my best friend. (主语)
He always buys some books. / He never read them.
He always buys some books (which/ that) he never read. (宾语)
e.g. The man who lives next door sells vegetables.
The man sells vegetables who lives next door. ( * )
The car which my uncle just bought was destroyed in the earthquake.
The car was destroyed in the earthquake which my uncle just bought. ( * )
e.g. The young man ( who ) you saw was our manager.
There is something ( that ) we must keep in mind.
3.) 关系代词在从句中作介词的宾语时,介词常可以提前,但介词提前时, 关系代词只能用which 或whom
e.g. The man is a famous runner. / You talked to him just now.
The man to whom you talk just now is a famous runner.
The chair is made of wood. / He is sitting on it now.
The chair on which he is sitting now is made of wood.
He is a library assistant. / I borrowed some books from him.
He is a library assistant from whom I borrowed some books.
It is a famous school. / He graduated from it 3 years ago.
It is a famous school from which he graduated 3 years ago.
The service should be improved. / The students complain a lot about it.
The service about which the students complain a lot should be improved.
e.g. He is the student. / The teachers are looking for him.
He is the student who the teachers are looking for.
The number of the children is 30. / She takes care of the children.
The number of the children who she takes care of is 30.
三: whose 的用法:
e.g. The girl is my daughter. / Her work got the first prize.
The girl whose work got the first prize is my daughter.
Do you know anyone? / His family is in Xi'an.
The book is not mine. / The cover of it is red.
I live in the room. / The windows of it face south.
The chair has been repaired. / The leg of it was broken.
He is reading a book which is too difficult for him.
Here is the boy who damaged the glass.
e.g. The book is written by Guo Jinming, who is only 19 years old.
Bob's father, who was an engineer, spent 4 years in Egypt.
Shanghai, which is developing fast, has become one of world's trade center.
e.g. She is very fond of French, which indeed she speaks quite well.
e.g. Their house is washed away by the floods, which made them very sad.
He lost his job finally, which was exactly what we wanted.
The picture ______ he paid $100 was once owned by a king.
Can you think of a situation this word can be used?
I'm grateful to him for that advice,I owed all my success.
关系副词: when where why
e.g. I will never forget the day./ I went to university on that day.
I will never forget the day when/ on which I went to university.
He still remember the morning. / The earthquake happened on that morning.
He still remember the morning when/ on which the earthquake happened.
e.g. This is the house. / He used to live in the house.
This is the house where/ in which he used to live.
I know of a place. / We can swim in that place.
I know of a place where/ in which we can swim.
Is there any shop around? / I can buy a pen in the shop.
Is there any shop around where/ in which I can buy a pen.
e.g. I don't know the reason. / He did it for this reason.
I don't know the reason why/ for which he did it.
The reason was not clear. / He was fired for it.
The reason why/ for which he was fired was not clear.
e.g. This is the date _______ we're proud of.
This is the date _______ he was born.
I will never forget the time ______ we spent together.
This is the factory _______ my mother works.
This is the factory _______ we visited last week.
Is this factory you visit last week?
A.the one B. where C. which D. that
This factory is the one (that/ which) you visit last week.
I don't believe the reason _____ he gave for his decision.
Another reason _______ he made this decision is that he had to consider the feelings of others.
a.当先行词是不定代词,如all, everything, anything, nothing, much, few, little, none, the one等All that can be done has been done.
I didn't mean this one; I mean the one that was bought yesterday.
b.先行词(指物的)前面有only, few, one of, little, no, all, every, very等词修饰时
There's no difficulty that we can't overcome.
I've read all the books that can be borrowed here.
c.先行词被序数词first, last, next等或形容词的最高级修饰时
This is the first letter that I've written in Japanese.
She is the most careful girl that I've ever known.
They talked about the teachers and schools that they had visited.
The speaker talked of some writers and books that were unknown to us.
China isn't the country that she used to be 50 years ago.
He is no longer the man that he used to be.
It's a book that will help you a great deal.
Who is the man that is waiting at the bus stop?
Which is the car that overtook us yesterday?
g. 当主句以There be…结构开头时,或关系代词在there be…结构中作实义主语,先行项为物
There is a seat in the corner that is still free.
There are two tickets of the film that are for you.
The 9.15 is the fastest train that there has ever been.
h. 当先行词是what时What did you hear that made you so angry?
Yesterday I caught two fish and put them in a basin of water. Now you can see the two that are still alive.
They have three houses, which are built of stone.
This is the factory in which we once worked.
We study in the classroom of which the doors face south.
What's that which flashed in the sky just now?
Here is the English grammar book which, as I have told you, will help improve your English.
I've bought you some books which I think may interest you.
a.先行词是one, ones或anyone时One who does not work hard will never succeed.
Anyone who breaks the law should be punished.
She is the only one of the students who has been to the USA.
Those who learn not only from books but also through practice will succeed.
There is a comrade outside who wants to see you.
The student that won the first prize is the monitor who works hard.
There 's only one student in the school who I want to see.
Do you know the woman in blue with a baby on her back who is working in the fields?
I met a friend of mine in the street, who had just come from America.
Jackson is a man who I believe is honest.
He won another award, which I think is the result of his hard work.
Lei Feng was a great communist fighter whose death was weightier than Mount Tai.
Where's the window whose glass is broken?
E. 在定语从句,关系副词when, where, why与关系代词which, that的关系
July 1st, 1921 is the day that/which we Chinese should always remember.
This is the place that/which they visited last year.
Please give me a reason that/which could account for your absence.
I still remember the day when(=on which) I joined the army.
This is the room where(=in which) Luxun once lived.
Another reason why(=for which) he works hard is that he has pass the exam.
F. as, which的比较
a.在非限制性定语从句中,均可替代整个主句或句中某个部分,在从句中作主语,宾语,表语.如从句在主句之后,两者皆可用转载请著名来自:(hTTP://wWw.TtxYy.CoM 年终工作总结 )
They failed in the exam, as/which is natural.
She seems a scientist, as/which in fact she is.
Grammar is not a set of dead rules, which/as I have said before.
As we all know, his parents were killed in this war.
As is known to all, the earth travels around the sun.
We won the match, as we had expected.
He agreed to the plan, as was to be expected.
d. 当先行项被the same, such, so修饰时,用as
This is the same book as you bought yesterday.同类书 (比较:This is the same book that you bought yesterday.同一本书)
Don't believe in such men as praise you to your face.
I never give my students so difficult a question as no one can work out.
The young man cheated his friend out of much money, which was disgra 定语从句小结
. as 也可以用来引导非限制性定语从句, 用来指待一件事,这时它的位置可以放在句首、句中和句尾.
e.g. He is an American, as/which we know from his accent.
As we know from his accent,